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Two more: ==> Date: Mon, 11 Nov 1996 08:47:49 -0500 (EST) From: Istvan Deak <email@example.com> Redl's implied Jewishness comes as a surprise to me. If it was in the film then I must have missed it. As for the real Redl, the documents in the Vienna military archives show no Jewish "blood" in his ancestry. Sadly, all we have is a minor German-Austrian railroad clerk who sent his son to cadet school where he received a tuition free education. The fact that young Redl learned to speak Ruthene and Polish as a child was at the source of his later checkered career. Istvan Deak ==> Date: Mon, 11 Nov 1996 10:23:55 -0500 From: Dale Streeter <firstname.lastname@example.org> Regarding Prof. Deak's comments I would like to make two obsevations. First, in the interests of accuracy, by 1913 most officers in European armies carried automatic pistols (only the British continued to carry Webly revolvers) and officers in the KuK army probably carried Czech pistols. Revolvers are pistols which have a revolving cylinder like the famous Colt Peacemaker, automatic pistols have magazines generally in the grip. As I recall in the film Redl was given an automatic pistol. Second, it was my impression that Archduke Franz Ferdinand's greatest enmity was reserved for Hungarians and it was from this hatred that sprung his plan for a tripartite monarchy: to include Croatia (and Herzogovina) in the imperial arrangement as a counterbalance to the power of the Hungarian magnates and the rigid stipulations of the coronation oath he would have to take as king of Hungary. F-F may have disliked Jews socially (yet he himself suffered terribly from the slights to his wife because of her lower social standing) but his policies were politically based rather than derived from social snobbery. Comments or clarifications welcome. D. R. Streeter University of Wisconsin-Madison