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I would like to join others in honoring Stanford Shaw. I had the great privilege of sitting in on, what may have been, his last Ottoman history class at Harvard, where I was completing the Ph.D. in Cultural Anthropology. Many years later, when I was invited to give a talk on modern Turkey at UCLA, I had the honor of having dinner with Stanford, his gracious wife Ezel, and many of their colleagues. We discussed Turkey and his favorite old movies that were then appearing on late night television. I will always remember him as a fine scholar and a true gentleman. He made enormous contributions to Ottoman history through his scholarship, teaching and mentoring of a new generation of Ottomanists. Like many others, I am saddened by his departure. Paul J. Magnarella _____________________________________________________________________________ Date: Sat, 23 Dec 2006 18:34:28 -0500 From: Carter Findley <firstname.lastname@example.org> Stanford Shaw's death on 15 December 2006 came as an unexpected shock, especially to those who studied with him, as I did. Particularly before Halil Inalcik came to Chicago in 1972, Stanford Shaw was the central figure in training graduate students in Ottoman history in the USA. His publications, including his book on Ottoman financial administration in Egypt, made him the most active publishing scholar in Ottoman studies in the USA at the time. By the time I graduated from Yale with a B.A. in European history, I had decided that I wanted to do something different in graduate school. By a series of steps, I came around to applying to graduate programs in Middle Eastern studies and selecting Ottoman history as my intended specialization. I initially began my graduate studies at another university, where I soon realized that the philological emphasis of the program was not what I wanted. I was not far into my first year of graduate study before I contacted Stanford Shaw to inquire about transferring to Harvard. I did that at the start of my second year. I spent the next three years studying with Stanford. I then went to Europe and Turkey for my dissertation research, and it was not long after I returned to Harvard in 1968 that he left for UCLA. Technically from Harvard's point of view, I wrote my dissertation under the supervision of a committee headed by Omeljan Pritsak. I learned a great deal from Pritsak, but I always thought of myself as Shaw's student. I have quite a thick file of correspondence that passed between the two of us, starting from the time I left Harvard to do my archival research. Many of Stanford's achievements are matters of public record, including his founding editorship of the *International Journal of Middle East Studies.* All those things will be written about in published obituaries. There are important things about him, however, that only those who studied with him can know, and those are the things I want to tell about. Stanford was unique, in my experience, in his openness and accessibility to his students. At Harvard, he was always in his office. He was always glad to see his students. The Ottoman history lecture course at Harvard, which he co-taught with Balkanist Robert Lee Wolff, was -- among other things -- a study in the contrast between Wolff's pomp and Shaw's modest demeanor. Stanford always kept extensive bibliographies ready to hand out to his graduate students, and he spent great amounts of time going over the bibliographies with his students and guiding them in their preparations for general exams. Compiling and updating huge field bibliographies was a much bigger job in the days of mimeograph machines than in the computer era. Stanford's practice became my model for the field bibliographies that I have maintained for my students ever since. With his experience in archival research, Stanford was also a good teacher in paleography. When I left Harvard for Istanbul, Stanford told me that I should arrange to have paleography lessons in Istanbul with Nejat Göyünç, as Stanford himself had done some years earlier. In Istanbul, I did have a few lessons with Nejat Bey, but then he told me I did not need more paleography lessons. Whether that overrated my skills or not, the statement could never have been made without effective teaching from Stanford. One way to appreciate Stanford's contributions is to think about how Ottoman historical studies have developed in recent decades. It seems to me that there have been several transformative events in this development. The opening of the archival collections was one of those, and Stanford's dissertation research sited him as one of the most productive practitioners of that kind of research. When the sharia court archives began to "come on line" as research sites, a development that I associate with the 1970s, that added another huge realm to the archival documentary base. The other two transformative events consist, in my understanding, of revisionist waves in Ottoman historiography, launched in the 1960s and 1980s respectively. Ottoman historians of an earlier generation had thought that they should concentrate on the "classic" period of Ottoman history. In contrast, the revisionist wave of the 1960s rediscovered the dynamism of the late Ottoman period and went to work consigning the "sick man of Europe" to the ash-heap of history. Then, in proportion as studies on the early and late Ottoman periods accumulated, the relative neglect of the 1600-1800 period became conspicuous. The natural result was the revisionist wave of "anti-declinist" scholarship on the 1600-1800 period, the wave of roughly the mid-1980s and since. For my generational cohort, Stanford was the person to go to in order to become part of the revisionist scholarship on the late Ottomans. One of my clearest memories from my graduate student days is the row of shiny new books that both challenged and invited me as I prepared for my career: Bernard Lewis' *Emergence of Modern Turkey* (1961), Serif Mardin's *Genesis of Young Ottoman Thought* (1962), Roderic Davison's *Reform in the Ottoman Empire, 1856-1876* (1963), Niyazi Berkes' *Development of Secularism in Turkey* (1964). Accompanying these were impressive studies in allied fields, such as Albert Hourani's *Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age* (1962) and Kemal Karpat's *Turkey's Politics, The Transition to a Multi-Party System* (1959). Although not altogether based on archival research, these books exemplified the revisionist scholarship of the day. Stanford's archival researches were beginning to concentrate on the late period, and drafts of his *Between Old and New: The Ottoman Empire under Selim III* (1971) were often to be seen in his office. By the time I reached Turkey to do my archival research, I found the archivists talking about how many students came to them from Stanford Shaw and what interesting projects they pursued. As one who remembers the Basbakanlik archives in the days when director Midhat Sertoglu presided over a staff that included Fazil Yenisey, Ziya Esrefoglu, Rauf Tuncay, Turgut Isiksal, Ziya Esrek and others, I want to pay tribute to their memory, too. With Nejat Göyünç, Halil Sahillioglu, and Mehmet Genç among the researchers most frequently present in the small *Tetkik Salonu,* it was a remarkably congenial and stimulating environment, despite the frustrations of archival research. My graduate studies at Harvard overlapped to varying degrees with those of several of Stanford's other graduate students: Andrew Hess, Avigdor Levy, Dennis Skiotis, Donald Quataert, Ronald Jennings, and Andrew Gould. As the archivists put it, we were all from the Shaw *ocagi* at Harvard. Those who studied with Stanford Shaw later at UCLA and at Bilkent will have their own memories to add. The Harvard chapter in the story should also be remembered. The last time I saw Stanford, in March 2005, it was like magic as we renewed acquaintance by talking about Harvard as if it were only yesterday. Best regards Carter V. Findley Humanities Distinguished Professor Honorary Member, Turkish Academy of Sciences Department of History Ohio State University ###