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Sent: Mon 1/1/2007 5:33 PM Denmark enacted a new Penal Code in 1930 (in force 1933), which replaced the total ban on "intercourse against nature" with a higher age of consent (in force until 1976). When Iceland introduced a new Penal Code in 1940 it was largely a translation of the Danish code of 1930. There was no discussion about these particular clauses then. The social-democratic government in Sweden took the initiative to a modernization of the legislation on sexual crimes, and all was prepared for a decriminalization of homosexuality in 1937, but a morally conservative minister of justice, member of the agrarian party that was in coalition with the social democrats, managed to stall the decriminalization of homosexuality until he retired because of illness in 1943. In none of these cases did the decriminalization per se have anything to do with the war, but of course the wartime conditions with many men displaced and cramped together in barracks, and ockupational forces installed in Denmark, Iceland and Norway, had a deep impact on the gay subcultures in these countries. Together with Kati Mustola from Finland I am co-editing an anthology in English, which will be published in March 2007, "Criminally Queer: Homosexuality and the Law in Scandinavia 1842-1999" (Amsterdam: Aksant, forthcoming). It has developed into a kind of history of homosexuality for the five independent Nordic countries and two of its autonomous areas (Greenland and the Faroe Islands) from 1842, when Norway abolished the death penalty for sodomy, until 1999, when Finland lowered the age of consent for homosexual relations to that of heterosexual relations. So, be patient... A book is on its way. For Switzerland, I can recommend Natalia Gerodetti's "Modernising Sexualities: towards a socio-historical understanding of sexualities in the Swiss nation" (Bern & New York, Lang, 2005). As far as I can remember it was a question of creating a joint Penal Code all of Switzerland. Before 1942 each canton had its own. For Sweden, you can also consult my "Sinners and Citizens: Bestiality and Homosexuality in Sweden 1880-1950" (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003). Best Jens Rydström Hera Cook skrev: > From: john levin [mailto:email@example.com] > Sent: Sun 12/31/2006 4:25 PM > > Hi all, > > I'm looking for literature, primary and secondary, on the > decriminalization of homosexuality between 1939 and 1945. As far as I > know, Iceland (1940), Switzerland (1942) and Sweden (1944), enacted such > legislation, but I have no further details. Portugal also decrimialized > it, in 1945, but I don't know if this was during or after world war > two.* Anywhere else? Any literature? > > Thanks > > John Levin > > * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_LGBT_history -- Jens Rydström Lektor i Genushistoria Historiska Institutionen Stockholms universitet 106 91 Stockholm Tel: 08-163314 (a) Tel: 08-845060 (h) Fax: 08-167548 (a) firstname.lastname@example.org www.historia.su.se/personal/jens_rydstrom/ Join the Forum for Nordic Queer Studies: https://lists.su.se/mailman/listinfo/nqs-at-lists.su.se