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Dear Gerald, I was forwarded this message by a friend who thought I might be able to help: > X-From: GEDMONDS%BITNET.SUVM@EDU.OHIO-STATE.ACS.OHSTVMA > Subject: Non-Systems ID Approaches > > I am working on a paper on instructional design and was wondering if anyone > can guide me to sources that conceptualize instructional design from a > "non-systems" or "soft system" appraoch. Any help or discussion would be > appreciated. > > Thanks > Gerald S. Edmonds > Instructional Design, Development and Evaluation > Syracuse University > GEDMONDS@SUVM > The reason being, that I am very interested in Checklands soft systems approach and I am also carrying out research in the field of intelligent tutoring system. However though, I am doing the above, as yet I haven't come across any ovelaps between the two areas. Therefore I am sending you a few references about soft systems that you may find useful:- 1. Checkland, P. (1981) "Systems Thinking, Systems Practice", John Wiley and sons, Chichester. 2. Checkland, Peter and Scholes, Jim (1990) "Soft Systems Methodology in Action" , John Wiley and sons, Chichester. 3. Churchman, C. West (1968) "The Systems Approach", Dell Publishing Co, New York. 4. Flood, Robert L. and Carson, Ewart R. (1988) "Dealing with Complexity - An Introduction to the Theory and Application of Systems Science", Plenum Press, New York. 5. Hall, Arthur D. (1989) "Meta Systems Methodology", Pergamon Press, Oxford. 6. Jackson, M.C. (1990) 'Beyond a System of Systems Methodologies', "Journal of the Operational Research Society", Vol. "41", No. 8, p657-668. 7. Jenkins, Gwilym M. and Youle, Philip V. (1971) "Systems Engineering - A Unifying Approach in Industry and Society", C.A. Watts and Co. Ltd, London. 8. Klir, George J. (ed) (1978) "Applied General Systems Research: Recent Developments and Trends", Plenum Press, New York. 9. Klir, George J. (1985) "Architecture of Systems Problem Solving", Plenum Press, New York. 10. Nurminen, Markku I. (1988) "People or Computers: Three Ways of Looking at Information Systems", Charwell-Bratt, Bromley. 11. Patching, David (1990) "Practical Soft Systems Analysis", Pitman Publishing, London. 12. Wilson, Brian (1990) "Systems: Concepts, Methodologies and Applications", John Wiley and sons, Chichester. 13. Wood-Harper, A.T., Antill, Lyn and Avison, D.E. (1985) "Information Systems Definition: the Multiview Approach", Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford. 14. Open Systems Group (ed) (1981) "Systems Behaviour", Paul Chapman Publishing Ltd, London. The basic texts are: Checkland (1981) and his new book in 1990. Wilson is a colleague from the same Univ. department. Probably the best light introduction and good practical guide: Patching (1990). For a look at the precusor to soft systems methodology see Jenkins (1971). Flood (1988) give a good philosophical background to ideas in this area. Nurminen (1988) explores the history of "ideologies" in systems analysis. Most of the rest are specfic uses or references to either soft systems or General systems theory. Checkland has also been involved in a number of conferences relating to discussion of his and other people's methodologies. The following are issues from two of these conferences. A. 'Systems in O.R.' (1983) August Special Issue in "The Journal of the Operational Research Society", Vol. "34", No. 8. B. 'Systems Thinking in Action' (1985) September Special Issue in "The Journal of the Operational Research Society", Vol. "36", No. 9. I hope you find these useful. If you any questions I will be only too happy to answer them. Good luck with your work, Mr Arif Iqbal (Dept of Computer Science, University College London) A.Iqbal@cs.ucl.ac.uk *======================== End of Message ======================