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1st Reply From: Peter Beeston <firstname.lastname@example.org> Subject: Re: QUERY: End of Prize Law Date: March 24, 2010 5:27:48 PM EDT To: H-NET Military History Discussion List <H-WAR@H-NET.MSU.EDU> As far as the RN is concerned, a Prize Act was passed at the beginning of each war and lapsed at its end. Prize Money was paid in WW2 (but shared with MN and RAF). The Government stated that this was the last occasion on which Prize Money would be paid. Peter Beeston 2nd Reply From: Jonathan Winkler <email@example.com> Subject: Re: QUERY: End of Prize Law Date: March 24, 2010 5:00:19 PM EDT To: H-NET Military History Discussion List <H-WAR@H-NET.MSU.EDU> I cannot speak to whether or not prize law and prize money ever really disappeared from the United States Navy (though I suspect it has remained dormant, as the U.S. has not declared war on anyone since June 1942), but the last U.S. ships to engage in prize action were the USS Omaha and USS Somers. Prize monies were awarded in 1947 to the officers and men of both ships for the capture of the disguised German commerce raider Odenwald, stopped in the process of scuttling herself while under false flag in November 1941. Omaha and Somers were in neutrality patrol, and the Odenwald was flying the U.S. flag. The boarding parties stopped the scuttling operation and saved the ship, which was taken to Puerto Rico. Later the court case ended with a ruling that the Germans were abandoning her, so the U.S. crews were entitled to the prize. That's the story in a nutshell. Jonathan Winkler Wright State University Jonathan Reed Winkler Department of History Wright State University Dayton, OH 45435 http://www.wright.edu/~jonathan.winkler/ 3rd Reply From: Stephen Budiansky <firstname.lastname@example.org> Subject: End of Prize Law Date: March 24, 2010 5:19:02 PM EDT To: H-NET Military History Discussion List <H-WAR@H-NET.MSU.EDU> It's important to make a distinction between Prize Law and the payment of prize money: it remains international law that the privately owned merchant vessels of a belligerent may be seized as lawful prizes on the high seas, condemned by the captor nation's admiralty courts, and sold. The United States, by act of Congress, ended the sharing of prize money to naval officers and crews in 1899 following the end of the Spanish-American War; the British Parliament discontinued the awarding of prize money in 1948. See Donald A. Petrie, The Prize Game, pp. 141-42. Stephen Budiansky Leesburg, Virginia -------------------------------------------------- Original Message: > From: Bob Huddleston <email@example.com> > Subject: End of Prize Law > Date: March 23, 2010 9:44:00 PM EDT > To: H-NET Military History Discussion List <H-WAR@H-NET.MSU.EDU> > > > > When did Prize Law, and the distribution of prize money, disappear in the RN and USN? > > -- > Take care, > > Bob > > Judy and Bob Huddleston > 10643 Sperry Street > Northglenn, CO 80234-3612 > Huddleston.firstname.lastname@example.org > > We like our history sanitized and theme-parked and self congratulatory, not bloody and angry and unflattering. – Jonathan Yardley, Washington Post Book World, May 7, 2006. > > > ----- For subscription help, go to: http://www.h-net.org/lists/help/ To change your subscription settings, go to http://h-net.msu.edu/cgi-bin/wa?SUBED1=h-war -----