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From: email@example.com Subject: RE: QUERY: photographic cameras employed during the Great War Date: March 8, 2010 10:00:45 PM EST To: H-NET Military History Discussion List <firstname.lastname@example.org> Beatriz, Official French army photographers – those attached to the Section photographique de l'armée (SPA) -- used box cameras (though I’ve never discovered what particular models). The principal formats of the glass plates were 6 x 13 cm, 9 x 12 cm, and 13 x 18 cm. There is a small collection of photos of SPA operators at work (and many other SPA photos) at the website of the l'Etablissement de Communication et de Production Audiovisuelle de la Défense (ECPAD), at Fort d’Ivry, just outside Paris: http://www.ecpad.fr/ ECPAD is really where you want to go if you want to do primary research on official French photography during the war. A recent book they put out has very useful information about the organization of the French photographic effort: Images de Verdun, 1916-1919 : les archives de la Section photographique de l'armée (Saint-Cloud : 14-18 éd. ; Ivry-sur-Seine : ECPAD, 2006). On the amateur side, the Kodak Vest Pocket – which was marketed as “le Kodak du soldat” –appears to have been the most popular camera used by French soldiers (as well as American and probably other allies, too). Introduced in 1912, it was very compact, fairly inexpensive, and easy to use. The Kodak used 127 roll film – rather than the glass plates used in many older and/or larger cameras – that could be loaded in daylight. The film provided eight exposures measuring 1 5/8 x 2 ½ inches, a size big enough to make contact prints as well as enlargements. The exposed film could be sent away for developing or, for those behind the first lines, developed at the front by themselves or comrades who rigged up makeshift dark rooms. The popular “autographic” model, introduced in 1915, enabled users to write short descriptions directly on the film through the back of the camera. One great photo collector website reproduces wartime catalogues of one of the leading French photo dealers, Photo-Plait, and you can get a good sense of the cameras marketed to soldiers: http://www.collection-appareils.fr/carrousel/html/index.php Two books dealing with French amateur soldier-photographers are: Frédéric Lacaille and Anthony Petiteau, Photographies de Poilus: Soldats photographes au coeur de la Grande Guerre. Collections photographiques du musée de l’armée (Paris: Somogy, Ministère de la défense, and Musée de l’armée, 2004) Un Regard sur la Grande Guerre : Photographies inédites du soldat Marcel Felser, preface and commentary by Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau (Paris: Larousse, 2002) A great recent work dealing with photos in the French illustrated press is: Joëlle Beurier, Images et violence 1914-1918: Quand Le Miroir racontait La Grande Guerre (Paris: Nouveau Monde, 2007). For British photography, see Jane Carmichael, First World War Photographers (London: Routledge, 1989). I have more sources in my dissertation chapter on French official and unofficial photography during the war: Mark Levitch, “The Visual Culture of Modern War: Photography, Posters, and Soldiers' Art in World War I France,” Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 2008. Hope this is helpful. Mark Levitch Department of Photographs National Gallery of Art Washington, DC Original Message: > Date: Fri, 5 Mar 2010 16:34:12 -0500 > From: hendsn1@GMAIL.COM > Subject: QUERY: photographic cameras employed during the Great War > To: H-WAR@H-NET.MSU.EDU > > From: Beatriz Pichel <email@example.com> > Subject: QUERY: photographic cameras employed during the Great War > Date: March 5, 2010 7:44:30 AM EST > To: H-NET Military History Discussion List <H-WAR@h-net.msu.edu> > > > Hello, > > I'm a predoctoral researcher working about the photographic representation > of the Great War in France. I was wondering about the photographic cameras > employed by the official and amateur photographers (models, brands, etc.). > Could anybody give me some information about this subject (bibliography, > documentation, archives where I could find some reports...)? > Thank you very, very much > Beatriz Pichel > > PhD Candidate > Departamento Lingüística y Lenguas Modernas, Lógica y Filosofía de la > Ciencia > Facultad de Filosofía y Letras > Universidad Autónoma de Madrid > +34914976822 > +34649285340 > > ----- For subscription help, go to: http://www.h-net.org/lists/help/ To change your subscription settings, go to http://h-net.msu.edu/cgi-bin/wa?SUBED1=h-war -----