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> " I can't image a country giving out info on its warships so > potential enemies could evaluate who they may have to fight > someday." Carl Barna In some sense this is precisely what was happening with the various naval treaties (to include Versailles in the case of Germany) during the interwar period 1919-1939. The naval limitation conferences were where nations showed other nations, at least in part, their hand (to use a card game metaphor). Of course they didn't show their entire hand, but enough of it, given the specific constraints in the Washington and later London treaties, to understand each other and theoretically to reduce the risk of either new arms races or an outbreak of general war as a result (a flawed assumption from the Great War experience). I have found Emily Goldman's work _Sunken Treaties_ most useful on this score as well as the work of Stephen E. Pelz, (_Race to Pearl Harbor: The Failure of the Second London Naval Conference and the Onset of World War II_), Sadao Asada, Stephen Roskill, and William Braisted. Dorothy Borg, et al., _Pearl Harbor as History_ is also an extremely useful compilation of essays that directly and indirectly touch on the efficacy of the naval treaty system. Finally there is: Richard Dean Burns, editor, _Encyclopedia of Arms Control and Disarmament_, Volumes I - IIII (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1993) which is essential to understanding the dynamics over the long duree. Vr, John John T. Kuehn, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Military History Department of Military History U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, KS "Kuehn, John Dr CIV USA TRADOC" <firstname.lastname@example.org> ----- For subscription help, go to: http://www.h-net.org/lists/help/ To change your subscription settings, go to http://h-net.msu.edu/cgi-bin/wa?SUBED1=h-war -----