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1. Nicholas Clarke <firstname.lastname@example.org> 2. Michael Yaklich <email@example.com> 3. "Koyle, Kenneth M MAJ MIL USA USAMEDCOM" <firstname.lastname@example.org> -----Message from: Nicholas Clarke <email@example.com>----- Thanks to all. This is all very useful. Regards, Nic Clarke Nicholas Clarke <firstname.lastname@example.org> -----Message from: Michael Yaklich <email@example.com>----- To the list of amputee pilots (Bader, Rudel) might be added the Italian Ernesto "Iron Leg" Botto, who lost a leg flying a fighter in the Spanish Civil war, returned to flying and was credited with at least three planes shot down in World War II (flying a CR42 biplane, at that!) before being "kicked upstairs" to desk duty. German Hans Hube lost an arm at the front in 1914, made Colonel-General and successively commanded a panzer division, panzer corps, and then 1st Panzer Army during World War II (he died in a plane crash in 1944, his metal hand being one of the few recognizable artifacts recovered from the wreckage). There was at least one other German amputee pilot of note in WWII but the name currently escapes me... Pre 20th-Century, the American Civil War is full of examples of men missing limbs returning to service. Union general Phil Kearney, who lost an arm in the Mexican War, was one such. Confederate general Dick Ewell lost a leg in August 1862 but was back in the field the following year. John Bell Hood lost a leg just below the hip (an operation with a survivability rate back then of about 20%) in September 1863 yet took command of a major Confederate army a year later-- and he was already burdened with a useless arm, though never amputated, from a wound at Gettysburg the previous summer (although he seems to have been to a degree functionally disabled, and was reportedly taking major amounts of laudanum for the pain, both the pain and the drug perhaps affecting his decision-making ability in the Franklin-Nashville campaign). Regards Mike Yaklich Michael Yaklich <firstname.lastname@example.org> -----Message from: "Koyle, Kenneth M MAJ MIL USA USAMEDCOM" <email@example.com>----- Although it was pre-1914, one might also mention Lord Raglan, who commanded the British forces in the Crimean War after losing his right arm at Waterloo. MAJ Kenneth M. Koyle Medical History Fellow Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS) Bethesda, MD "Koyle, Kenneth M MAJ MIL USA USAMEDCOM" <firstname.lastname@example.org> ----- For subscription help, go to: http://www.h-net.org/lists/help/ To change your subscription settings, go to http://h-net.msu.edu/cgi-bin/wa?SUBED1=h-war -----