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Date: Wed, 02 Nov 2005 17:24:24 -0600 From: Paul Finkelman <email@example.com> Self-servingly, may I suggest you look at my article "The Founders and Slavery: Little Ventured, Little Gained," Yale Journal of Law & Humanities,13 (2001) 413-449. In it I offer an arguement that Garrisonian disunion, as well as Garrisonian refusal to particiapte in politcs, if successful, would have been deeply harmful to slavery. Under a proslavery constitution there was less and less the North could do to attack slavery. I think Garrison was right in understanding that without the North to protect it from its own slaves, and to return fugitive slaves, the South could not have maintained its system of slavery for very long. It is also worth remembering that had the 15 slave states stayed in the Union to this day they could prevent a Constitutional amendment to end slavery, since it would take 45 free states to outvote the 15 slave states. However, unlike Jack, I am not sure the parallels are so great today that we should either refrain from political activity or seek disunion. Paul Finkelman