View the H-Levant Discussion Logs by month
View the Prior Message in H-Levant's March 2013 logs by: [date] [author] [thread]
View the Next Message in H-Levant's March 2013 logs by: [date] [author] [thread]
Visit the H-Levant home page.
Dear H-Levant members, It is a great pleasure to announce the publication of my new book: Thomas Kuehn, Empire, Islam, and Politics of Difference. Ottoman Rule in Yemen, 1849-1919 (Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2011). (http://www.brill.com/empire-islam-and-politics-difference) From the publisher: "Historians of the Middle East in the long nineteenth century have often considered empire-building the preserve of European powers. This book revises this picture by exploring how the Ottomans re-conquered and ruled large parts of present-day Yemen between 1849 and the end of World War I, after more than two centuries of independence under local dynasties. Drawing on a wide range of sources and on recent scholarship on empire and colonialism Empire, Islam, and Politics of Difference shows how the concepts and practices of Ottoman imperial rule were shaped through the encounters between Ottoman officials, their European rivals, and local communities. The result is a fresh look at the nature of governance in the late Ottoman Empire more generally." Reviews: "Thomas Kuehn's remarkable book breaks new ground by drawing the late Ottoman Empire into comparative imperial studies. His history of late-nineteenth century Yemen examines Ottoman methods of conquest and rule that drew as much on the experience of European colonial empires as on Istanbul's own practices of ruling remote Arab lands. Drawing on the widest range of Ottoman archival sources, reinforced by contemporary Arabic references, Kuehn presents a lucid and persuasive analysis of the successes and shortcomings of the Ottomans' civilizing mission in Yemen. The sectarian order the Ottomans left behind has proven a divisive legacy that marks Yemen down to the present day. A brilliant book that deserves the widest possible readership among scholars of late nineteenth century empire and the Ottomans' place in that order." Eugene Rogan St Antony's College, Oxford "Thomas Kuehn's book is an illuminating contribution to scholars' efforts to study empires not simply in comparison to each but in relation to their interactions and rivalries. Ottomans, he shows, did not govern Yemen in the same way they governed other parts of their empire in the era of Tanzamat reforms; they marked the "difference" and "backwardness" of the people they now ruled, rather than seek to integrate them into a homogenizing Ottomanness. But what Kuehn terms "colonial Ottoman" was not Ottoman colonialism. It borrowed from but did not copy policies of a "civilizing mission" and "indirect rule" from French and British colonial projects of the time. Ottomans administrators balanced incorporation with differentiation, efforts to change Yeminis' way of life with tacit and shifting arrangements with local elites. They did not implement in Yemen the censuses, cadastral surveys, and conscription mechanisms that were hallmarks of Ottoman rule elsewhere, but when an Ottoman parliament sat, representatives of Yemen were included. Kuehn shows that Ottomans shared other imperial powers' interest in the production of knowledge of the societies' they conquered, but that the forms of knowledge were part of a distinct repertoire of rule. By stressing the differences and similarities in forms of imperial governance within the Ottoman empire and between different empires in the same era he reveals to us how particular imperial systems functioned in a world of competing imperial powers. The result is a book that will be of great interests not just to Ottomanists, but to any reader interested in rethinking the nature of imperial rule in 19th and 20th centuries." Frederick Cooper New York University co-author of Empires in World History: Power and the Politics of Difference Thomas Kuehn, Ph.D. Associate Professor Department of History Simon Fraser University 8888 University Drive Burnaby, B.C. V5A 1S6 Canada E-mail address: email@example.com