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---------- Forwarded message ---------- From: "Stackelberg, J. Roderick" <firstname.lastname@example.org> I would say that the source of the paragraph you cite is ideologically biased against the Soviet Union. The first two sentences are at the very least misleading. Only the last sentence is correct. About two weeks after the German attack on Poland and with Poland on the edge of defeat, the Soviet Union occupied the sector allocated to it in the secret protocol attached to the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, defining their respective spheres of influence in eastern Europe. While this Soviet action certainly qualifies as an invasion, it was very different from the German invasion, for two reasons: It was intended to prevent Germany from claiming the whole of Poland, and it laid claim to an area seized by Poland during the Russian Civil War. This area had a mixed population with an Ukrainian-Ruthenian majority and a Polish minority. The western border of this area coincided roughly with the so-called "Curzon line" projected as Poland's eastern borders by the peacemakers in Paris after the First World War. To call the Soviet Union an "ally" of Germany is a bit misleading as well. While the USSR certainly supplied food and raw materials to the Germans (in return for manufactured goods), the Soviets rejected German overtures for a formal alliance and refused to be lured into war against Britain or its allies after the fall of France, despite German efforts to tempt them with promises of British imperial possessions in Asia. The Soviets were equally adamant in rejecting British overtures for closer cooperation before the German invasion in June 1941. They certainly were suspicious of the Western powers, whom they suspected of wanting to lure them into war against Germany. Hence they even disregarded British and American warnings of an impending German attack in the spring of 1941. Rod Stackelberg -----Original Message----- From: H-NET List for History of the Holocaust [mailto:H-HOLOCAUST@H-NET.MSU.EDU] On Behalf Of H-Holocaust Sent: Monday, March 21, 2005 10:15 AM To: H-HOLOCAUST@H-NET.MSU.EDU Subject: Re: September 1939 (Bartman) ---------- Forwarded message ---------- From: Tilford Bartman <email@example.com> Hello, Recently I came across this paragraph below. I would like to know if any list members could advise me as to it's historical acuracy. Thanks, Tilford Bartman In September 1939 Poland was attacked by both Germany and the Soviet Union, thus beginning World War II. For almost two years, the USSR (Soviet Union) was initially an ally of Nazi Germany, and, therefore, an enemy of the USA, England, France, Canada, and the rest of the Allies. The Soviet Union only became one of our allies when it was attacked by Nazi Germany.