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I think David Horowitz's analysis is substantially contradicted by the "Social Origins" sociological research regarding the family and intellectual origins of activists in student movements in the US between the late 1950's and the mid 1970's. While there is no question alienated red-diaper babies were participants, quantitatively it appears that having attended Catholic Schools during the K-12 years in the late 1940's and 50's was a more common attribute. It is particularly critical one discriminate between which wave of activists one is describing, because the 1960's generation bridges several very different generational cohorts. The founding wave of both SDS students and the actual organizers of SNCC were "baby busters" -- born before World War II, and in many instances their childhoods were a function of late depression era and wartime realities. This cohort was in college during the late 50's, and just graduating during the SDS founding period, 1960-62, and SNCC's most critical period -- 1960 - 1964. The first wave of the "Baby Boom" generation came to campuses beginning in 1963. I would suggest that many differences in, shall we say, "world view" between these two waves can be accounted for through comparison of buster and boomer material and cultural circumstances. For instance, it is very common for both SDS and SNCC founding wave students to have had fathers, close relatives, older siblings who actually participated in Combat during World War II. For those born after 1947, (and thus in the second wave), that experience was very uncommon, as fathers with children were largely exempt from the post-war draft. If second wave student's relatives and fathers had participated, it was largely before marriage and the arrival of children. In general, very careful analysis of who "founded" student organizations in the late 50's and early 1960's makes it quite clear the founding generation were baby busters with all that entailed -- and the post 1963 student cohort with quite different life experiences, inherited their groundwork but quickly evolved cultural and organizational changes that have come to dominate perceptions about the whole 1960's generation. Good historical analysis demads we re-sort these two age cohorts. Sally Todd Minneapolis Sistersara@aol.com > This is poor history. SDS came out of the Communist left (not the Civil > Rights movement or the "dyanmics of the late fifties," and was part of the > worldwide "new left" phenomenon, which was activists from the Communist > movement disillusioned with the Communist Party and Stalinism who wanted to > revive the revolutionary cause. I have written about this extensively in > Radical Son and Left Illusions and do not need to reiterate the facts, but > those curious about them can refer to my writings. > > David Horowitz