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I'm not sure if you are looking for descriptions/replicas of the individual medicines or period mixtures of medicines to treat specific illnesses. I contacted a surgeon-friend of mine who does research in and re-enactments of Civil War medicine to see if he could help out. This is what he provided. Hope it helps. David Carlson Troy University email@example.com The items in this list are taken from the contents of the U.S. Army Medicine Pannier. The numbers indicate the item's location in the pannier, to prevent mix-ups. Also listed are modern look-alikes for reenactors to put in their bottles and tins. Items are listed by Latin name, common name, amount in the pannier, (D) description, (A) action, and (L) look-alike. 1 Ceratum Cantharidis Cantharides (Spanish Fly)-3 Oz D: Gray-Brown w/ green specks; A: Blistering agent; L: Mixture of baking soda, tea, charcoal, parsley flakes 2 Argenti Nitras Silver Nitrate-1 Oz D: White Salt; A: Antispasmodic, stimulant; L: Rock Salt 3 Argenti Nitras Fusus Lunar Caustic-1 Oz D: White or gray pencils; A: Stop minor bleeding; L: Styptic pencil 4 Iodinium Iodine-1 Oz D: Blue-Black crystal; A: Corrosive, diuretic, mixed with alcohol makes tincture of iodine; L: Iodine crystals (available at chemical supply house) 5 Antimonii et Potassae tartras Tartar Emetic-1 Oz D: Transparent, colorless crystal; A: Purgative, diuretic; L: Cream of Tartar 6 Hydrargyi Chloridum Mite Mild Mercurous Chloride (Calomel)-1 Oz D: Light buff or ivory powder; A: purgative, anthelminthic; L: Translucent face powder 7 Extract of Beef Beef Extract-1 Lb D: Brown powder or cubes; A: Nutritive in diarrhea, dysentery; L: Beef bullion cubes or powder 8 Extract of Coffee Coffee Extract-1 Lb D: Brown paste; A: Stimulant; L: Instant coffee moistened with molasses 9 Condensed Milk Condensed Milk-1 Lbs D: White paste; A: Nutritive in diarrhea, dysentery; L: Sweetened condensed milk (Borden's) 10 Black Tea Black Tea-4 Oz D: Dark brown powder; A: Astringent, gentle excitant; L: Loose tea leaves 11 Spiritus Frumenti (Whiskey)-24 fluid oz D: Brown liquid; A: Stimulant and depressant; L: Jack Daniels 12 Spiritus Aetheris Nitrici Spirit of Nitrous Ether-8 Fl Oz D: Colorless or yellowish liquid; A: Diuretic, carminative; L: Ether (starting fluid) or yellowed alcohol 13 Alcohol Fortius Strong Alcohol-12 Fl Oz A: Used to dissolve solid medications; L: Rubbing alcohol 14 Cough Mixture Cough Mixture-12 Fl Oz D: Red, yellow, or clear syrup; A: Expectorant, antitussive; L: Cough Syrup (Robitussin) 15 White Sugar White Sugar-10 Oz A: Nutrient, antiseptic, preservative; L: White Sugar 16 Chloroformum Purificatum Chloroform-12 Oz D: Colorless liquid; A: Anesthetic by inhalation; L: Water with a touch of green color 17 Linimentum Simplex Liniment-12 Fl Oz D: White syrupy liquid; A: Emollient; L: Watkins White Liniment, Corn Huskers Lotion 18 Syrupus Scillae Syrup of Squills-8 Fl Oz D: Clear syrup; A: Expectorant, diuretic; L: Corn syrup 19 Aqua Ammoniae Spirits of Hartshorn-8 Fl Oz D: Clear liquid; A: Stimulant; L: Household ammonia 20 Spiritus Aetheris Compositus Hoffman's Anodyne D: Yellowish liquid; A: Stimulant and carminative-4 Fl Oz; L: Ether (starting fluid) or yellowed alcohol 21 Tincture Opii Laudanum-6 Fl Oz D: Reddish-brown liquid; A: Pain relief, control of diarrhea; L: cola syrup with a dash of barak 22 Extractum Cinchonae Fluidum Fluid Extract of Cinchona (Peruvian bark)-4 Fl Oz D: Reddish-yellow liquid; A: tonic, antimalarial, syphilis, rheumatism; L: Red colored alcohol 23 Extractum Valerianae Fluidum Fluid Extract of Valerian-6 Fl Oz D: Yellowish-green liquid; A: Sedative; L: yellow-green colored alcohol 24 Extractum Zingiberis Fluidum Fluid Extract of Ginger-6 Fl Oz D: Amber Liquid; A: stimulant, colic, dyspepsia; L: ginger ale or brandy 25 Oleum Olivae Olive Oil-6 Fl Oz D: pale yellow oil; A: mild laxative, emollient for skin disease; L: Olive Oil 26 Oleum Terebinthinae Oil of Turpentine-6 Fl Oz D: Colorless liquid; A: stimulant, diuretic; L: Turpentine 27 Glycerina Glycerine-6 Fl Oz D: Straw color syrup; A: Antiseptic, emollient; L: Glycerine 28 Tincture Opii Camphorata Paregoric Elixir-6 Fl Oz D: Brownish-green liquid; A: antispasmodic, diarrhea, nausea; L: Campho-phenique mixed with vanilla 29 Liquor Ferri Persulphatus Ferric Sulphate-Green Vitriol-4 Fl Oz D: Blue-green liquid; A: Tonic; L: Blue-green colored alcohol 30 Spiritus Ammoniae Aromaticus Aromatic Spirits of Ammonia-4 Fl Oz D: Yellowish liquid; A: stimulant, antispasmodic; L: ammonia with iodine and Campho-phenique 31 Pilulae Catharticae Compositae Cathartic Pills-50 Doz D: White solid; A: Cathartic; L: White pills 32 Pilulae Colocyntii et Ipecacuanha Ipecac Pills-50 Doz D: White solid; A: appetite stimulant, expectorant, emetic; L: White pills 33 Pulvis Ipecacuanhae et Opii Dover's Powder in 5 gm pills-30 Doz D: White solid; A: Diaphoretic, treat dysentery, diarrhea; L: Powdered milk (for the powder form) 34 Pilulae Quiniae Sulphatis Quinine Sulphate-40 Doz D: yellow pills, 3 gram ea; A: tonic, malaria, fevers; L: brown sugar 35 Potassae Chloras Potassium Chlorate-4 Oz D: White Salt; A: Refrigerant & diuretic; L: Rock Salt 36 Potassae Bicarbonas Potassium Bicarbonate-4 Oz D: Transparent, colorless crystal; A: Antacid, dropsy, rheumatism; L: baking soda 37 Potassae Iodidum Potassium Iodide-4 Oz D: opaque white/transparent crystal; A: expectorant, treatment of syphilis; L: baking soda w/ touch of red food color 38 Sodae et Potassae Tartras Rochelle Salt-4 Oz D: Colorless, large crystal; A: purgative; L: Rock Salt 39 Liquor Morphiae Sulphatis Morphine solutition-4 Fl Oz D: whitish liquid; A: anodyne, soporific; L: cloudy sugar water 40 Pilulae Camphora et Opii Camphor & Opium Pills-20 Doz D: Reddish-green; A: tranquilize intestines, non-specific diarrhea; L: old fashioned licorice rolled as pills 41 Pilulae Hydrargyri Mercury Pills (Blue Mass)-40 Doz D: blue pill; A: laxative in small dose, cathartic in large dose; L: light wedding cake dressings, spritzed with light blue food coloring. 42 Pilulae Opii Opium Pills-60 Doz D: dark brown; A: sedative, pain relief; L: whole allspice 43 Acidum Tannicum Tannic Acid-1/2 Oz D: white/yellowish powder; A: Vegetable astringent; L: Lemonade mix 44 Alumen Alum-3 Oz D: White powder; A: diarrhea, astringent, whooping cough; L: Alum 45 Collodium Maynard's Adhesive Liquid-3 Fl Oz D: transparent syrup; A: Dressings, skin ulcers; L: Tincture of benzoin 46 Creasotum Creasote-2 Fl Oz D: oleaginous yellowish liquid; A: wounds, ulcers, consumption, diabetes; L: Lysol cleaner (be careful!) 47 Extractum Aconiti Radicis Fluidum Extract of Aconite Root-3 Fl Oz D: yellowish-brown liquid Rheumatism, gout, scrofula, syphilis, cancer; L: vanilla extract with yellow food color 48 Extractum Colchici Seminis Fluidum Extract of Colchicine-3 Fl Oz D: Reddish-brown liquid; A: sedative, pain relief, gout; L: vanilla extract with red food color 49 Extractum Ipecacuanhae Fluidum Extract of Ipecac D: Yellowish liquid-3 Fl Oz; A: emetic, expectorant; L: Ipecac syrup 50 Tinctura Ferri Chloridi Tincture of Ferric Chloride-2 Fl Oz D: Brown liquid; A: tonic & diuretic; L: vanilla extract 51 Plumbi Acetas Lead Acetate Sugar of Lead-3 Oz D: White crystal; A: astringent & sedative; L: Coarse white sugar 52 Zinci Sulphas Zinc Sulphate-3 Oz D: colorless, transparent salt; A: tonic, astringent, emetic -----Original Message----- From: H-Net US Civil War History discussion list [mailto:H-CIVWAR@H-NET.MSU.EDU] On Behalf Of Harris, Robert Sent: Wednesday, April 24, 2013 2:13 PM To: H-CIVWAR@H-NET.MSU.EDU Subject: QUERY: Pharmaceutical recipes From: Rea Redd [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org] Subject: Query: Pharmaceutical recipes I have a reproduction Civil War era regimental pannier with 52 pharmaceuticals ingredients' tin containers. Is there available a print or online resource for pharmaceutical recipes of frequently prescibed Civil War era medicines? Rea Andrew Redd http://www.civilwarlibrarian.blogspot.com -- -- -- --