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FYI: News Items of Interest: Regional Summary, 1.8.-14.00  Albright, Andrea, "Indian Leader Considers Topeka for Conference," Topeka Capital Journal, 8 January 2000. ["The president of the National Congress of American Indians toured Topeka on Friday to help determine whether the capital city will be the site of the organization's annual conference in 2003. A decision won't be made until late spring or early summer, but Topeka remained in the running at day's end."] http://www.cjonline.com/  Allan, Doug, "Tribe Loses a Friend - and Perhaps a Home," The Providence Journal-Bulletin, 14 January 2000, 1D. ["Robert Sharples, the man who founded the Rehoboth Cemetery Commission and befriended the Seaconke Wampanoag Indians, was laid to rest yesterday during a colorful tribal ceremony at the Rehoboth Village Cemetery . . . For Jennings and other members of the Seaconkes, Sharples's death on Monday meant more than just the loss of an old friend. Sharples, who was seriously ill, died before he was able to sign a will designating the Seaconkes as the recipients of 32 acres he owned on Perryville Road, Rehoboth, near the Perryville Dam. The tribe held hopes of creating an Indian village and museum on the property."] http://www.projo.com/  "Alliance Indian Mission Store Faces Closing," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 12 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Alliance, Neb. -- Without the help of volunteers, the Indian Mission Church of God Clothing Store may end its 29 years of service in July when its owner retires. The store provides clothes and furniture to about 300 families that have little money. Migrant workers account for about 100 of the families and another 50 families live on Pine Ridge and Rosebud Indian Reservations."] http://www.ap.org/  Alm, Rick, "Indian Bingo Parlor Gets Clearance From Panel. But Kansas Officials Are in Federal Court Seeking to Block Miami County Project," The Kansas City Star, 11 January 2000, D5. ["An Olathe company and an Oklahoma Indian tribe have final clearance from the National Indian Gaming Commission to operate a high-stakes bingo parlor in Miami County, Kan. But one large legal hurdle still stands in the way. Federal tribal gambling regulators in Washington confirmed Monday that the agency late Friday approved Butler National Corp. as manager for the proposed gambling hall. The hall would be owned by the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma on 35 acres near La Cygne Lake, about 45 miles southwest of Kansas City ... Kansas officials are in federal court in Kansas City, Kan., seeking to block the project, which the tribe wants to upgrade to full-scale casino gambling."] http://www.kcstar.com/  Asseo, Laurie, "Supreme Court Lets Hopi Pursue Discrimination Suit Against Plant on Navajo Reservation," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 10 January 2000, AM cycle. ["The Supreme Court on Monday refused to kill a lawsuit by a Hopi Indian in Arizona who says an electric power plant on the Navajo reservation illegally refused to hire him because he is not Navajo. The court, without comment, rejected an appeal in which the plant's operator argued that federal law allows employers doing business on a reservation to give hiring preferences to members of that reservation's tribe ... The Navajo Generating Station is operated by the Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District, ... [whose] lease with the tribe requires it to give job preference to "qualified local Navajos." Harold Dawavendewa, a Hopi Indian who lives near the Navajo reservation, applied for a job at the plant in 1991. He ranked ninth among the top 20 applicants in an employment test, but said he was not further considered for the job because he was not a Navajo."] http://www.ap.org/  Baker, Deborah, "Tribes Agree to Make Full Back Payments to State," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 14 January 2000, PM cycle. ["Sante Fe -- Indian tribes have agreed to make full back payments in order to sign new gambling agreements with a revenue sharing rate of 6.7 percent. The terms of the tribes' counter-offer were to be given to a legislative committee today. Under their proposal, tribes that owe the state revenue sharing under the 1997 compacts would be required to pay what they owe - at the 16 percent rate - in order to take advantage of the new compacts. Once the new agreements were signed, tribes with casinos would pay the state 6.7 percent of their slot machine proceeds, according to a source familiar with the proposal who asked not to be identified."] http://www.ap.org/  Bakst, M. Charles, "Casino Referendum Faces Uphill Battle at the State House," The Providence Journal-Bulletin, 13 January 2000, 1B. ["The bad news is that the Narragansett Indians' drive to establish a casino in West Warwick will be a major issue at the 2000 General Assembly ... The good news is that the bid to have the Assembly approve putting a referendum on the statewide November ballot faces a tough struggle ... In coming days, the pro-casino drive may gain new impetus - or touch off new skepticism when the Narragansetts identify new investors to replace Capital Gaming International. Right now, legislative leaders are loaded with questions and doubt about the wisdom of moving ahead with a referendum even though Williamson & Co. cry, "Let the people decide.""] http://www.projo.com/  Barol, Jen and Pasha, "Sapy-Neuter Services Reduce Pet Populations on Indian Lands," Albuquerque Tribune, 13 January 2000, B3. ["It seems every time I drive through New Mexico's splendid and breath-taking northern pueblo lands, I discover a surge of dogs and cats roaming freely through the reservations . . . In response to this increasing problem, the Heart and Soul Animal Sanctuary a facility in Pojoaque that cares for abandoned, injured and abused animals is putting together a mobile veterinary clinic to visit the pueblos . . . the clinic will spay and neuter stray dogs and cats as well as pets owned by pueblo residents at no cost to the pueblo or pet owners."] http://www.abqtrib.com/  "Believers Ascribe Woman's Consciousness to 17th Century Candidate for Sainthood," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 13 January 2000, PM cycle. ["Albuquerque, NM -- Believers credit a 17th century American Indian who is a candidate for sainthood with the reawakening of a nursing home patient who spent 16 years unconscious. Archbishop Michael Sheehan is among those proclaiming the awakening of Patricia White Bull, 42, a possible miracle. Ms. White Bull of Cochiti Pueblo lapsed into unconsciousness about 16 years ago - no precise date is given - while giving birth to her fourth child. She reawakened Christmas Eve in an Albuquerque nursing home."] http://www.ap.org/  Carney, Beth, and Jim Sullivan, "Name Faces; 'Dances' Recalled," The Boston Globe, 8 January 2000, F2. ["Vermont actress Tantoo Cardinal looks at "Dances With Wolves" as a breakthrough for her and other Native American actors. "Because of Kevin Costner, it was automatically high profile," said Cardinal, who was featured in the movie as the wife of Graham Greene. "The fact that they wanted to work with Indian language was very exciting. My experience had shown me that Hollywood had not much interest in authenticity." Cardinal was at the Wang Center yesterday, marking the 10th anniversary of the film, which screened there last night as part of the Wang's Classic Films Series. "I think it was extremely important that 'Dances' was so successful. It exposed people to the concept that maybe we were human beings," said Cardinal, who noted that 1998's "Smoke Signals," in which she had a role, was also a major step, because it told a contemporary story about reservation life."] http://www.boston.com/globe/  Cronkleton, Robert A., "Civil Rights Act Focus of Forum; Six Speakers Offer Insight at King Gathering," The Kansas City Star, 10 January 2000, B1. ["While the nation as a whole has taken steps to ensure the civil rights of all people, a lot more needs to be done. That is the message a panel of six speakers told about 125 persons who attended "The 1964 Civil Rights Act: Where Are We Now?" ... "We can make laws for everything ...," said Nathan Longhorn, chairman of the Prairie Winds First Nations Powwow Committee. "We can make them as quick as we really want too," he said. "But the thing I think we have to do as people is we have to work with each other. We have to learn about each other" ... Sherry Taylor, an Overland Park senior at Shawnee Mission South High School [said] ... "This provided a different opinion on the Civil Rights Act besides the African American view ... It provided the Native American and Latino's perspective as well.""] http://www.kcstar.com/  DeHaven, Judy, and Becky Yerak, "Greektown Investors Try to Sell Their Casino Shares: Uncertain Prospects for License Approval Lead Papas, Gatzaros to Enter into Negotiations," The Detroit News, 14 January 2000, A1. ["Detroit -- Four Greektown Casino investors are negotiating to sell their 40-percent stake to their Native American partners because they are in danger of being found unlicensable by state casino regulators. Ted and Maria Gatzaros and Dimitrios and Viola Papas, who were instrumental in legalizing casino gambling in Detroit, have a history of business dealings that would make it difficult to obtain a casino license, people familiar with the negotiations said. The Sault Ste. Marie Chippewa Tribe, which now owns half of Greektown Casino LLC, has the right of first refusal, meaning it can match any offer to the Gatzaroses and Papases from an outside suitor."] http://www.detroitnews.com/  Donn, Jeff, "State Interested in Buying Claimed Indian Burial Ground," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 12 January 2000, PM cycle. ["Springfield, Mass. -- A tract revered by Indians as an ancestral burial ground never became a Wal-Mart or industrial park. Now, thanks largely to Indian activists and entertainer Bill Cosby's wife, its days as a sand quarry may be over. The state has proposed buying the Greenfield land in partnership with an Indian rights group and keeping it in a natural state ... Settled by native people as long as 10,000 years ago, the Connecticut River site 35 miles north of Springfield has long appeared on state and federal historic registers. Its history is intertwined with this region's wars between European settlers and Indians. Some believe that more than 300 victims of a 1676 massacre by colonists were buried there during King Philip's War."] http://www.ap.org/  Dorsey, Catherine, "Museum's Sunday Surprise Highlights Magoc of American Indian Culture," The Virginian-Pilot (Norfolk, VA), 13 January 2000, W7. ["There is something mystical about the sounds at an American Indian powwow, where the tinkle of bells and jingle dresses mingles with the staccato drumbeats and the wail of cedar flutes. Rabiah ''Biah'' Seminole, a member of the Cherokee nation, wants to see the public share in the magic of American Indian tradition. To Seminole, owner of na-va'kee American Indian Trading Post in Virginia Beach, it seems that many people see American Indians as a part of the past. A member of the Virginia Chapter of the American Indian Movement (AIM), Seminole supports the group's belief that education is the key to dispelling such myths."] http://www.pilotonline.com/  Doyle, Pat, "Wadena Will Try to Regain White Earth Chairmanship; He Says He Doesn't Believe His Conviction on Corruption Charges Will Hurt His Chances to Oust John Buckanaga," Star Tribune (Minneapolis, MN), 12 January 2000, 1B. ["A year after his release from prison for rigging casino construction bids, Darrell (Chip) Wadena said Tuesday that he will try to regain power as chairman of the White Earth Band of Chippewa ... Wadena's decision sets up a showdown with Tribal Chairman John Buckanaga, who said recently that he will seek reelection ... Wadena cast himself as a target of the federal government, which he accused of trying to curb the independence of American Indian tribes ... "I'm sure it hurt me to some point," he said. "It took me down. But since it's been over, I think people realize the government wanted me because I was the tribal leader the government feared the worst. I became too powerful for them to control. They wanted to control tribes.""] http://www.startribune.com/  Ferguson, Chaka, "Gaming Board Postpones Decision on Disclosure of Tribal Records," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 13 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Albuquerque -- At least one Indian casino-operating tribe has warned it might withhold financial records from the state if the Gaming Control Board decides to make those records public. The state board on Wednesday postponed until February a decision on what information to disclose, saying it needed more time to formulate a policy. John Monforte, executive director of the Acoma Pueblo Gaming Commission, told board members that his tribe would consider withholding information from the state if it were forced to make it public. "We may not be as willing to give that out," he said. Under the current compacts, signed in 1997, the tribes must provide financial statements and audits to the state."] http://www.ap.org/  "Foundation Troubles to Dominate Haskell Regent Meetings," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 12 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Lawrence, Kans. -- Haskell Indian Nations University regents will try to further unravel the mystery of a troubled foundation as they gather for a winter retreat. Haskell spokeswoman Freda Tapedo said most of Wednesday's meeting was set aside to review university policies. The foundation is on Thursday's agenda. "All I know at this point is that there's going to be an update on the foundation," she said. The regents will review the impact of the Haskell Foundation's financial woes when they meet at the Prairie Band of Potawatomi Government Center in Mayetta. One fact is known, classes funded by the foundation are canceled for the second semester. The classes and other programs are funded by 30 to 40 grants administered by the foundation."] http://www.ap.org/  "Frontier Regional Gets New Nickname," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 12 January 2000, AM cycle. ["Deerfield, Mass. -- A two-year battle over a potentially offensive high school nickname, which has caused neighbors to stop speaking and a school committee chairman to resign, is finally over. The Frontier Regional School Committee voted 4-3 Tuesday night to change the name of its teams from the Redskins to the Red Hawks, ending a war of words in a region that was pillaged during the French and Indian Wars."] http://www.ap.org/  Giago, Tim, "American Indians Made Their Mark," The Idaho Statesman, 11 January 2000, 7B. ["Watching all of the talking heads on the different television networks and reading all of the newspapers and magazines addressing the subject, it seems everyone has an opinion of the most important people, events and inventions affecting the century and the millennium ... One of my great, great ancestors was Crazy Horse ... He never touched a pen to a treaty. He stood as his own man, free of the influences of the surging white society until the day he was assassinated at Fort Robinson, Neb. If ever there was a patriot- warrior-chief who refused to bend to the will of the conquerors, it was Crazy Horse. ... I dedicate the new millennium to all of the contributions made to this world by the American Indians. Where would we be today without corn, tomatoes, potatoes, squash, beans, chili or chocolate? ... without "rubber" tires? We have given our names to states (Minnesota, Utah, Alabama, etc.) and to cities, mountains and rivers, and we gave up a continent so that its inhabitants could say, "We are the greatest nation in the world." But always remember that we (the American Indian) are still here, a vibrant part of the land and still contributing to the future of this nation. The " Vanishing American" is no longer invisible. We were and are a major contributor to the images of the millennium."] http://www.idahostatesman.com/  "Highlights of Gambling Issues Before the Legislature," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 13 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Albuquerque, NM -- The dispute over Indian casino payments continues. Only three of 11 tribes are paying the state the full 16 percent of slot machine proceeds required by 1997 compacts. Arbitration is scheduled for February. Tribes want new compacts with a reduced revenue-sharing rate, lower regulatory fees and longer terms. Slot machines are plugged in at four race tracks and at veterans' and fraternal clubs."] http://www.ap.org/  Holmes, Michael, "Cornyn Hails Appeals Court Ruling," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 11 January 2000, AM cycle. ["Austin, Texas -- A judge's decision to dismiss a $4 billion lawsuit filed against the state by the Tigua Indian Tribe near El Paso was upheld Tuesday by a federal appeals court. "We are pleased with the court's decision," Attorney General John Cornyn said of the ruling by the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals based in New Orleans. The Tiguas' lawsuit, filed last March, maintained that the U.S. Constitution required Texas to compensate the Tiguas for 18 square miles of land on the east side of El Paso. The $4 billion claim represented lost rents and profits since the late 1800s."] http://www.ap.org/  Hostetter, George, "Ruling on Tule Casino Delayed; Closing the Business Near Porterville Would Leave 100 Tribal Members Out of Work," The Fresno Bee, 11 January 2000, A1. ["Federal officials are trying to shut down the Tule River Indians' casino because the Tulare County tribe opposes Gov. Davis' tribal gambling pact, but the government's effort went temporarily bust Monday in Fresno. U.S. District Judge Anthony W. Ishii postponed his decision on the federal government's request for a permanent injunction that would close the casino near Porterville and throw more than 100 tribal members out of work. The federal government's request did not provide enough legal precedent, Ishii said ... Ishii asked U.S. Attorney Edmund Brennan to provide him with a list of applicable state cases within the next week. Tule River lawyers will then have a week to respond, and both sides will return to court Jan. 31. The tribe's legal battle with the government heated up last fall when it refused to sign the tribal-state compact that the vast majority of California tribes have accepted."] http://www.fresnobee.com/  Imrie, Robert, "Red Cliff Attorney Says Little of Disputed Payroll Advances Repaid," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 14 January 2000, AM cycle. ["Nearly two years after a northern Wisconsin tribe declared a financial emergency because of a payroll scandal, little of the disputed money has been repaid and a federal investigation into possible embezzlement continues, the tribe's attorney said Friday. "This is in the hands of the investigators with the federal government, the FBI," said David Ujke, attorney for the Red Cliff band of Lake Superior Chippewa. The tribe declared a financial emergency on the reservation in March 1998 because of money shortages linked to payroll advances and investments in failed tribal enterprises. It led to a highly critical audit last year of how federal and state money was spent and how the tribe documented the expenditures."] http://www.ap.org/  James-Johnson, Alva, "Independent Colleges Scramble to Grow: Moving Courses Off Campus, Out of State and Online Gives Small Institutions a Way to Secure a Future," Omaha World-Herald, 9 January 2000, 2R. ["With overall high school enrollment in Nebraska forecast to slide into decline soon, Doane College has looked to other states for greener pastures. Four years ago, the Crete, Neb., college took its master of education program to the Navajo Nation on the border of New Mexico and Arizona. Today, 41 Indian schoolteachers have graduated from the program, and 40 more are enrolled. Doane College administrators said the Navajo program is just one of many innovative initiatives that the college is using to survive and thrive in the new century."] http://www.omaha.com/OWH/  Kates, William, "Cayuga Land-Claim Payoff Will Bear on WNY," The Buffalo News, 10 January 2000, 1A. ["Syracuse, NY -- The Cayugas' land claim will reach the compensation stage this week, and experts say the jury's award will be a template for four other Indian land disputes. A federal court jury's decision on how much compensation the Cayuga Indian Nation should receive for its lost ancestral lands will have a sweeping impact across upstate New York, say observers and those involved in other Native American land claims. In Western New York, those claims include the Seneca Indian Nation's ownership of property in Salamanca and its claims to Grand Island and other islands in the Niagara River."] http://www.buffalo.com/  "Keeping the Fire Alive; Tuscarora Feast Ushers in New Year," The Buffalo News, 9 January 2000, 5NC. ["To mark the New Year, the Tuscarora Indians hold an annual "New Year's Feast." The first part of the three-day event is called "The Hunt" and takes place two days before the New Year. It is a competition between the "young men," defined as those without children, and the "old men," those with children ... The cooking takes place all of the next day, done mostly by the women of the tribe ... On New Year's Day, hundreds of Tuscaroras and others sit down at tables together and eat."] http://www.buffalo.com/  King III, Frank John, "American Indian Sovereignty Is a Myth," Indian Country Today, 10 January 2000. ["All it takes for evil and oppression to flourish on our reservations is for good, traditional people to do nothing. I say we must do something -- recognize the cancer within tribal governments as a dual political separatism of traditional law and U.S.-imposed law. We must doctor this illness for sovereign health to be achieved or we ultimately will be totally divided and conquered by the enemy called self-perpetuated poverty ... If today, we, as Natives, believe we are truly a sovereign nation, then we believe in a myth. For sovereignty means independence and "self sufficiency." This myth is perpetuated in the peoples' minds by the tribal leader who would use this word as a tool to deceive the people into giving him a free ride off our allotted monies through white man's politics ... It seems we are too busy gossiping or creating negativity amongst ourselves to see our lands are disappearing and our so-called sovereignty is being waived to the state or third parties by our leaders."]  Krol, Debra Utacia, "Rural California Indian Tribe Preserves Vestiges of Past," Indian Country Today, 10 January 2000. ["Deep in the Gabilan Mountains of California lies Indian Canyon Nation, home of the Mutsun Ohlone or Costanoan People. Here Ann Marie Sayers, tribal chairwoman and present landholder, and her family preserve Mutsun culture, satisfying a dream of many years ... She opened her canyon to urban Indians in need of spiritual and cultural renewal ... The Ohlone people excelled in artwork such as basketry, musical instruments, and jewelry made of abalone, beads and feathers, all with spiritual overtones. These traditional arts are carried on by Ohlone artists and weavers. Their peaceful existence shattered with the coming of the Spanish conquistadores ... ... The Ohlone kept their heritage secret or lived in their mountain hideaways for more than 100 years. In 1928, BIA agents pronounced many California Indian tribes "extinct." "There are many active groups here in the Costanoan/Ohlone territory, (but) not one of us is federally recognized as a tribe," Sayers says ... "(Indian Canyon) is the only traditional land in Costanoan territory that is still held by the original inhabitants" ... Above all, says Ann Marie, "the ceremonies of the Native peoples of California must never cease in order that our world continue to exist." She lives her life according to the Mutsun concept of noso-n: "In breath, so it is in spirit.""]  Lane, Amy, "State Fund Gets Boost From New Gambling Money," Crain's Detroit Business, 10 January 2000, 9. ["Lansing, MI -- The gambling money has started rolling in. A Manistee-based American Indian tribe has paid the state more than $1.3 million, starting a revenue stream the state will receive under a second round of state-tribal gambling compacts. The December payment by the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians is the state's share of revenue from the tribe's Little River Casino, one of four tribal casinos allowed under compacts approved by the Legislature in December 1998. The money goes into the Michigan Strategic Fund to support economic-development initiatives. In past years, revenue-sharing arrangements with seven other tribes sent tens of millions annually into the fund. But the other tribes' obligation ended last year, with the licensing of the state's first private casino, in Detroit. "] http://www.crainsdetroit.com/  "Lawsuit Says Federal Government Ignoring Shakopee Mdewakanton," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 12 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Prior Lake, Minn. -- A motion filed in federal court by members of the Shakopee Mdewakanton Dakota Community claims the government has hurt the tribe by recognizing a controversial ordinance that allows more people to profit from the tribe's casino. The motion ... seeks $150 million from the government for an "ongoing breach" of its responsibility to tribal members. It also seeks enforcement of an earlier federal ruling that ordered the government to determine the validity of the ordinance that has made more people eligible to share in the tribe's assets ... "They want to ensure that only constitutionally qualified and duly enrolled members are involved in the decision-making of the tribe," said James H. Cohen, an attorney for [tribal members]."] http://www.ap.org/  Lee, Morgan, "Ranch Purchase May Benefit Santa Clara," Albuquerque Journal, 8 January 2000, 1. ["The pueblo is expected to acquire land that has great religious significance to the tribe The Santa Clara Pueblo stands to add about 5,600 acres to its tribal lands from the Baca Ranch as the federal government prepares to purchase the long-sought property. Congress has appropriated $101 million to buy the 95,000-acre Baca Ranch, which is owned by the Dunigan family of Texas and located in the Jemez Mountains immediately west of Santa Clara ... The remote, high-altitude section of the ranch considered for a turnover is the headwaters above the 2,200-member pueblo and is of great religious significance. The Lannan Foundation of Santa Fe offered to purchase the land for the pueblo. "We thought these were very strong claims on this land, both legally and morally," said Patrick Lannan, president of the foundation that started issuing grants to indigenous communities in 1994. The Lannan Indigenous Communities Program supports Indian-led projects in 29 states."] http://www.abqjournal.com/  Masse, Greg, "Professor and Students Explore Southwest Indian Ruins," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 10 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Among the ancient Puebloan ruins that were warmed by a surprisingly strong late-December sun, class was in session. Twice each year, William Hozie, an anthropology professor at Northland Pioneer College in Holbrook, Ariz., has used the beautiful and mystical ruins of the Southwest's ancient civilizations as his classroom. During the last 12 years, his students have become a traveling band of gypsies during this educational journey from site to site."] http://www.ap.org/  "Mediator Pursues Late Offer in Land Claim," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 14 January 2000, AM cycle. ["Syracuse, N.Y. -- On the eve of a damages trial in federal court, a mediator has proposed a new cash-only deal to settle the Cayuga Indian Nation land claim ... in U.S. District Court, where the Cayugas are seeking compensation for 64,027 acres of lost ancestral lands in Seneca and Cayuga counties. Mediator Eric E. van Loon of Boston, Mass., made the proposal Wednesday night at the conclusion of a pretrial hearing on which land appraisers would be allowed to testify as expert witnesses. Talks have continued on a daily basis, he said ... "It is about money for the Cayugas to buy land from willing sellers, with a limit on the number of acres they can buy that is less than the 64,000 acres they are seeking, to be put into trust as a reservation," van Loon told The Post-Standard of Syracuse."] http://www.ap.org/  "Menominee Chairman Narrowly Re-Elected, Vice Chairman Defeated," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 14 January 2000, AM cycle. ["Keshena, Wis. -- Menominee Tribal Legislature Chairman Apesanahkwat was narrowly re-elected, but the tribe's vice chairman was defeated this week in an election that focused on Menominee efforts to build a casino in Kenosha. Vice Chairman Wendell Askenette was defeated by Sylvia Wilber, who said the tribe's leadership needed to keep members better informed on efforts to build a casino at Dairyland Greyhound Park. "It was a tough campaign," Askenette said. "But I'm glad (Apesanahkwat) was re-elected. ... It was the main thing because I have a lot of faith in his leadership.""] http://www.ap.org/  Michel, Karen Lincoln, "First They Took Our Land; Now They Want Our Cheese," New America News Service, 14 January 2000. ["It's gooey, it's yellow, it comes in five-pound blocks and it sustained me through my days as a poor college student. I'm talking about commodity cheese. Unless you fall within the lowest socioeconomic group or have lived on an Indian reservation, you probably haven't enjoyed the dining experience that comes when cooking with food distributed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. American Indians have become culinary experts at preparing government-surplus food that exudes a taste all its own. It's mostly bland. But if you close your eyes and concentrate, a subtle hint of its original flavor can be detected."] http://nytsyn.com/syndicate/fs/features/newamerica.html  "Milton Gets Recall Right," Capital Times (Madison, WI.), 10 January 2000, 6A. ["Sorting through the minefield of the Milton School District's struggle over its team nickname has not been easy. But the voters of Milton got it right last week when they chose to retain three School Board members who had acted to change the nickname from ''Redmen'' to ''Redwings.'' The board's decision to make the name and team logo change was right. The petition drive by opponents of the change to recall board members who supported the new name was right. And, happily, the signal sent by the election result is right."] http://www.thecapitaltimes.com/  Monastyrski, Jamie, "Indian Tribes in Michigan Cry Foul Over New Cigarette Tax Practice," Indian Country Today, 10 January 2000. ["Lansing, Mich.--It looks as though the state of Michigan has found a way to tax Indian tribes exercising their sovereign rights and making big money selling tax-free cigarettes. As of Jan. 1, the Michigan Tax Department requires all cigarette packages to have a state tobacco tax stamp ... Some tribal spokesmen feel the measure actually was a smokescreen over an effort to tax the Indians. Although the state cannot tax Indian residents on tribal land, it can tax wholesalers who distribute the cigarettes to Indian businesses. "Our main concern is they have put the burden of the tax on the wholesaler," said Joe Waara, owner of the Chippewa Trading Co., a L'Anse Indian Reservation store that also opened an Internet site selling tax-free cigarettes. A Department of Treasury bulletin was issued to wholesalers stating they no longer can sell cigarettes to tribes if the products are not tax-paid and stamped. "]  Monastyrski, Jamie, "Internet Helps American Indians Sell Tax-Free Cigarettes," Indian Country Today, 10 January 2000. ["Though the Internet is considered a communication tool, it has become the world's best and most financially profitable vehicle for selling products, especially tax-free cigarettes. The multi-million dollar industry is relatively new and while some tribes are jumping on the bandwagon, others are falling off because of improper management, federal and state tax problems and stiff competition. All that is needed is a reservation address, a web site, a cigarette wholesaler and you are in business, say on-line retailers. More than 20 active Indian-owned web sites sell tax-free cigarettes and while the prices vary, most sell for $ 5 to $ 10 below convenience-store prices."]  "Money Briefs," The Times-Picayune, 12 January 2000, C2. ["A pair of south Louisiana shipyards have started the new year by christening the latest vessels to roll off their production lines. Litton Avondale Industries recently christened the Pililaau, the fifth in a series of seven Strategic Sealift vessels being built for the Navy by the West Jefferson yard . The vessel's name honors Hawaiian native and Medal of Honor recipient Pfc. Herbert K. Pilila'au, who died in combat in Korea on Sept. 17, 1951."] http://www.timespicayune.com/  "Moscow, Lewiston Observe King Day," Lewiston Morning Tribune [Idaho], 10 January 2000, 5A. ["Raymond Reyes, associate academic vice president for diversity at Gonzaga University is the keynote speaker for the Martin Luther King Human Rights Award Breakfast Saturday at 9 a.m. in the Moscow Junior High School multi-purpose room. Reyes served as the chief executive officer for the Coeur d'Alene Tribe of Idaho. He has over 20 years experience in Indian education and has conducted trainings in the U.S. and Canada on learning styles, motivation, healing and at-risk youth. At the breakfast the task force will announce the recipients of two Rosa Parks Human Rights Achievement Awards."] http://www.lmtribune.com/  Moseley, Frank, "Offensive Mascots? Don't Forget the 'Lutes,'" Roanoke Times & World News, 9 January 2000, NRV2. ["Best wishes to Brenda Lott, Jeff Corntassel and the group "United Coalition for American Indian Concerns" (shouldn't that be "Native-American Concerns"?) for their stand against negative Indian-stereotype school mascots ("Coalition pushes to change Indian mascot names," Current, Oct. 21). My question is: Why are only Indian stereotypes targeted? It seems to me that the schools of the New River Valley, the Blue Ridge District and the United States are awash in these stereotypes. To maintain the moral high ground we must all join in the campaign to rid our culture of these stereotypes or stand guilty of selective indignation and insensitivity to non-Indians."] http://www.roanoke.com/  "National Indian Leader Wants Better Relationship With Kansas," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 10 January 2000, PM cycle. ["Horton, Kan. -- A national advocate for American Indian rights hopes to build better relationships with state legislators and leaders in the new year. Susan Masten, president of the National Congress of American Indians, presented her "Millennium Vision" to tribal and state leaders Saturday night at the Golden Eagle Casino on the Kickapoo Nation Indian reservation ... Kickapoo Tribal Chairman Steve Cadue said last week that members of his tribe already were working with state and local officials on two projects that could affect all four area tribes, in addition to other Kansas citizens."] http://www.ap.org/  "Native American Are Focus at North Museum," Sunday News (Lancaster, PA.), 9 January 2000, G-3. ["What is believed to be the only bronze sculpture of a Susquehannock Indian, at right, will be featured during the Native American Weekend to be held 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday, Jan. 15, and noon to 5 p.m. Sunday, Jan. 16, at North Museum of Natural History and Science, 400 College Ave. One of the hot cast bronzes of Maine artist Jud Hartman to be shown at the event, the Susquehannock stands 4 feet and weighs 300 pounds. The tribe was prominent in the area until the early 1700s. Hartman's works are part of an exhibit, "Native Americans on the Eastern Frontier," which will also feature the paintings of Robert Griffing."] http://www.lancnews.com/  Nelson, Norman, "Help With Work, Not a Handout," Capital Times (Madison, WI.), 12 January 2000, 7A. ["Recently, a charitable organization held a collection of food and clothing for a small group of American Indians herded on some inhospitable land in the Midwest. These unfortunate people live in desperate poverty and want. This in a country that is troubled by oversupply and surpluses. Surely these people should have subsistence and an opportunity for work ... Congress could arrange for some kind of make work (roads, etc.) so these people would be able to buy something to wear and something to eat."] http://www.thecapitaltimes.com/  Newcomb, Bruce, "Legislative Plate Piled High With Serious, Complex Issues This Year," The Idaho Statesman, 9 January 2000, 7B. ["It is my opinion that the following subjects will come before the Legislature in some fashion this coming session: ... Third, the Legislature may have to deal with serious water issues concerning the Snake River Basin Adjudication and the negotiations that are taking place pursuant to court order with the Nez Perce Tribe. In addition, we may have to deal with whatever the National Marine Fisheries Service may ask for in its 1999 biological opinion for water for flow augmentation for the salmon recovery."] http://www.idahostatesman.com/  Norrell, Brenda, "Apache Historian Uncovers Bulwark Against Conquest, Colonization," Indian Country Today, 10 January 2000. ["Indio, Calif. -- When the Cabazon Band of Mission Indians searched for a historian to tell their history, the tribe found author, Robert Perez, an Apache writing his doctoral dissertation on 19th century Indian rebellions. During his research, Perez discovered a hero statesman, Chief Cabezon, whose personal style of dealing with outsiders ensured autonomy for his people in the desert through the 1800s. "They really were never conquered by the Spaniards or Mexicans," Perez said. Nor were the Cabazon conquered by the missionaries ... The sovereignty preserved by Chief Cabezon was evident in the 20th century, as the Cabazon Band led the nation in establishing a gaming enterprise based on its sovereign right to do so, Perez said ... "Chief Cabezon and his wise leadership were instrumental in that process of survival, but ultimately we must credit the spirit of the people themselves and the strength of their culture.""]  Norrell, Brenda, "Forest Service's Action on Arizona Telescope Plan Upsets American Indians," Indian Country Today, 10 January 2000. ["Montosa Canyon, Ariz. -- When the U.S. Forest Service denied the Smithsonian Institution's request to expand the world's largest array of gamma ray telescopes at Mount Hopkins, American Indians celebrated the preservation and sanctity of their sweat lodge here. Now, the Forest Service has allowed the Smithsonian to resubmit its proposal. Navajo Cayce Boone is among tribal members opposing the intrusion at the ceremonial site in the Santa Rita Mountains. "The Smithsonian is dealing with real live Indians who are practicing their ancient religion," said Boone, among those who conduct sweats, prayers and talking circles here. He said the Smithsonian has long probed Indian artifacts and pressed for museum construction. Now, it is time for the institution to demonstrate respect for living American Indians and their religion."]  "North Dakota News Brief," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 12 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Medora, N.D. -- Surplus elk in the south unit of Theodore Roosevelt National Park will be going to zoos, Indian tribes, a game preserve and the state of Kentucky. The roundup is to start next Tuesday, park Superintendent Noel Poe said. It is the first elk roundup in the south unit in six years, and designed to reduce the herd of 500 to about 200, a more manageable number. The majority of the elk - 150 to 200 - will go to Kentucky, where officials plan to reintroduce the animal in the southwest corner of that state, Poe said. Other elk will go to zoos in Minot and Bismarck, Sully's Hill National Game Preserve near Devils Lake, the Three Affiliated Tribes in North Dakota and the Oglala Sioux in South Dakota."] http://www.ap.org/  "Oneida Indian Nation Wants Lawsuit," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 14 January 2000, AM cycle. ["Oneida, N.Y. -- The Oneida Indian Nation is trying to stop a lawsuit by a citizens group that sought to close the Turning Stone Casino. The lawsuit, and the request for an injunction, are part of the heated battle between the Nation and central New York landowners. The Oneidas are seeking compensation for 250,000 acres of ancestral land in Oneida and Madison counties. The lawsuit filed in March 1999 by Upstate Citizens for Equality, charges that the gaming compact - the massive document that allowed the Oneidas to open their lucrative Turning Stone Casino six years ago - is illegal because it never was approved by the state Legislature. The Oneida Nation said the lawsuit was an attempt to circumvent the legal proceedings over the land."] http://www.ap.org/  "Panel Against 'Squaw' in Site Names Makes First Recommendation," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 12 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Helena -- A committee working to rid Montana of the word "squaw" in geographic names has made its first recommendation, involving a mountain road just south of Helena. Squaw Gulch should become Wakina Sky Gulch, said the Advisory Committee on House Bill 412, adopting a proposal by a group of Indian school children. The recommendation will be sent on to the U.S. Board on Geographic Names. The committee headed by Rep. Carol Juneau, D-Browning, is considering new names for 74 locations statewide that are labeled with "squaw." The word is a vulgarity for Indian women, Juneau told legislators last year when she sponsored the name-change bill."] http://www.ap.org/  "Patton Boyle at East With Miracles, 'Mystic Double Talk," State-Times/Morning Advocate (Baton Rouge, LA.), 8 January 2000, 1-F. ["The Rev. Patton Boyle wrote about studying with a Native American shaman before he ever actually studied with one. Two books, in fact. "I didn't know much about Native Americans or Native American spirituality. I had cut through one corner of one Indian reservation ... "A lot of the stuff I wrote about I didn't understand at the time. Some I didn't agree with. I do now." Boyle said that since writing the books ... [he] has visited reservations, met briefly with two Native American shaman, participated in a sweat lodge in New Mexico, and studied with a Native American woman spiritual guide in Maine."] http://www.theadvocate.com/  Pauff, George, "Ben Franklin Built Outpost in Weissport; He Designed Fort Allen For Army in 1756 After Massacre at Gnadenhuetten," The Morning Call (Allentown), 13 January 2000, B1. ["The borough of Weissport has had many famous visitors through the years but none was as important as Benjamin Franklin was to New Gnadenhuetten when he designed and built Fort Allen in 1756 ... Following the massacre at New Gnadenhuetten by the French Indians, the surviving Moravian settlers and Christian Indians found safety at Bethlehem, Easton and Nazareth ... The Christian Indians in refuge were concerned that the government would take stern measures against the French Indians that might include all Indians indiscriminately and wrote to the government at Philadelphia, reaffirming their allegiance to the province. They received a reassuring answer from Robert Hunter Morris, lieutenant governor ... who wrote, "I have determined to build a fort at Gnadenhuetten, from which you will receive equal security with the white people under my care." The letter was dated Dec. 4, 1755."] http://www.mcall.com/  "Pequots Have Paid State More Than $1 Billion in Slot Revenue," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 14 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Mashantucket, Conn. -- Foxwoods Resort Casino's slot machines have earned $4 billion since the Mashantucket Pequot tribe entered into a special agreement with the state seven years ago. More than $1 billion of that revenue has gone back to the state. The tribe announced Friday that they now have paid $1,007,482,922 to the state under an agreement whereby the tribe pays Connecticut 25 percent of its slot revenue in return for semi-exclusive rights to operate the machines at their casino. The Mohegans, operators of the Mohegan Sun casino at Montville, also offer slot machine gambling and pay the state 25 percent of their revenue."] http://www.ap.org/  "Shop Should Stop Racist Advertising," The Charleston Gazette, 12 January 2000, 4A. ["Smoker Friendly, the tobacco shops in the Kanawha Valley, is running an ad on the local cable system. They should stop this insulting, racist ad immediately and apologize to all Native Americans for being insensitive and bigoted. I realize that the "cigar store Indian" is a long-standing tradition, but it is a racist tradition, and the creation of a talking wooden Indian reading copy in a degrading pidgin is too much. Shame on you. J. Michael Mollohan"] http://www.wvgazette.com/  Retsinas, Greg, "Report on N.C. Schools; Blacks Score Lower on Tests Then Whites," Morning Star (Wilmington, NC), 14 January 2000, 1B. [" Black students in North Carolina score 25 points less than their white peers on reading and mathematics tests, a new report has found ... The report's authors, the North Carolina Justice and Community Development Center, surveyed the results of black, Hispanic and Native American students ... Elsewhere in Southeastern North Carolina, school systems have various sized gaps. The one constant, as several education advocates noted Thursday, is that the gap is across the board in the state. It is larger between black and white students than when other minority groups are compared to white students, but there is still a gap in each case in nearly every county."] http://www.wilmington.net/starnews/ SEE ALSO: Dyer, Eric, "Rights Group Demands End to Racial Gap; The State Must Bring Minority Children's Academic Achievement Levels in Line With Those of White Pupils, Says a Coalition of Advocates," News & Record (Greensboro, NC), 14 January 2000, B1. http://www.thedepot.com/ Simmons, Tim, "Shut Gap at School, State Told," The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC), 14 January 2000, A1. http://www.news-observer.com/  "Rock County Wants in on Casino Negotiations," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 14 January 2000, PM cycle. ["Janesville, Wis. -- Rock County officials have voted to join the negotiations between Chippewa Indians and the city of Beloit over a proposed casino development. The city has asked the Bad River and St. Croix Chippewa bands from northern Wisconsin for a $75,000 letter of credit by the end of the month, so that the city can look into the likely impact a casino would have on the community."] http://www.ap.org/  "Rural Housing Agency Seeks Grant Applicants," Bangor Daily News (Bangor, Maine), 11 January 2000. ["Rural Housing Service, an agency of the Rural Development mission area, has received a $ 39,856 Housing Preservation Grant allocation and is accepting applications under this program for the fiscal year. Eligible entities for these grants include public bodies, nonprofit organizations, federally recognized American Indian tribes, and consortiums of eligible applicants"] http://www.bangornews.com/  "Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe Plans to Sell Its Washington Mansion," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 14 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Mount Pleasant, Mich. -- As part of a shift in its political style after the election of a new chief, the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe has decided to sell its $1.5 million mansion in Washington D.C. "I think they made the decision they could still effectively lobby in Washington without having to maintain a million-and-a-half dollar mansion down here," Larry Rosenthal, the tribe's legislative consultant, told the Morning Sun of Mount Pleasant. "That money can be better spent on the reservation." The sale comes as the tribe is shifting how it makes donations to political parties and candidates ... The new chief, Phillip Peters Sr., has curtailed the large donations and has instead focused on making smaller, targeted donations to individual members of Congress."] http://www.ap.org/  Schneider, Pat, "Indians Push Mayor for Role in Arts District," Capital Times (Madison, WI.), 13 January 2000, 1B. ["American Indians are a scattered community in Madison, a handful of members told Mayor Sue Bauman on Wednesday. A multitude of tribal lineages and a lack of a central meeting place are two reasons the Indian community has not coalesced, representatives said ... The Madison area land of lakes -- ''DeJope'' -- is a place of the Ho-Chunk, formerly the Winnebago tribe. But today, local residents have links with as many as 50 or 60 tribes, participants said. They encouraged the city to foster appreciation of the area's rich American Indian history, while celebrating the cultures living today. ''Learn more about who we are -- and that has to do with culture, not artifacts,'' said Rosemary Ackley Christensen, a professor in the American Indian Studies Program at the University of Wisconsin-Madison ... ''Native Americans here feel isolated from each other,'' said television journalist Patty Loew. ''If there was a center where people could socialize, that could act as a clearinghouse for social services and that would really be a good thing.''"] http://www.thecapitaltimes.com/  "Skeletal Remains Dug Up at Construction Site," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 13 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Honolulu -- City officials say 10 sets of human remains have been uncovered at a Board of Water Supply construction site in Waikiki. The discoveries were made over the past several weeks ... Don Hibbard of the state Historic Preservation Division said each set of remains was found between four and five feet below Kalakaua Avenue and each is at least 50 years old and possibly more than 100 years old."] http://www.ap.org/  Sparks, Preston, "Discovering His Past Appling Man Unearths Many Ancient Links to American Indians," The Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle, 9 January 2000, 1. ["John King grew up on an Indian reservation in Montana surrounded by the images and stories of his family tribe, the Chippewa Cree. But it wasn't until moving to Appling that King not only discovered more about his heritage, but also made a discovery that has excited local experts. During the past four years, King has roamed the wooded area around his home off Columbia Road, finding everything from ancient Indian spearheads to pottery shards to grinding stones ... His efforts intrigued a Paine College professor, who recently evaluated the findings. ''When I saw them I was tickled to death,'' said Gerald Smith, who has been studying ancient American Indian artifacts for years. Smith dated one of King's spearheads back 12,000 years."] http://augustachronicle.com/  "State Appraiser Sets Low Value on Cayuga Land," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 12 January 2000, PM cycle. ["Land being contested by the Cayuga Indian Nation and New York State is not worth as much as the tribe or federal experts claimed, said a state appraiser. John D. Dorchester Jr. of Scottsdale, Ariz., said the 64,027 acres in the Cayuga claim has a current value of $25 million to $40 million. Dorchester told U.S. District Judge Neal McCurn that the fair market rental value of the land for the past 204 years could range from $250,000 to $6.5 million, depending on the appraisal method used ... The Cayugas are seeking compensation for 64,027 acres of land in Cayuga and Seneca counties. The tribe claimed in a 1980 lawsuit that the state illegally snatched the land from their ancestors by violating a 1790 federal law requiring the federal government to approve all land treaties."] http://www.ap.org/  Strope, Leigh, and Jim Davenport, "Legislature Returns to Deal With Flag, New Rules, Reassessment," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 11 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Columbia, S.C. -- Sen. Robert Ford, D-Charleston, thinks he's got the solution to the Confederate flag flap. His bill, the South Carolina Heritage Representation Act of 2000, would create a monument and a special flag honoring American Indians on Statehouse grounds. The Confederate flag would be removed from the Statehouse dome and placed at the Confederate monument. Once the African American monument is built, the black liberation flag could fly above it. "Everybody who's got something to do with South Carolina is covered," Ford said."] http://www.ap.org/  Sutlief, Shannon, "Night & Day," Dallas Observer, 13 January 2000. ["With its two major galleries exhibiting works by such big-name draws as Georgia O'Keeffe, Frida Kahlo, and Diego Rivera, the Dallas Museum of Art can afford to experiment with two of its other galleries by displaying two very different exhibits. First is A Window on the Past: Contemporary Art of the Huichol Indians, a collection of modern artwork by the few remaining members of the Huichol tribe of Mexico. The artists use traditional materials such as beads, yarn, gourds, and beeswax to create bowls and other household items."] http://www.dallasobserver.com/  "Teen Charged in Ritual Slaying," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 11 January 2000, PM cycle. ["Fort Payne, Ala. -- Authorities charged a teen-ager in the 1997 death of a Valley Head woman who, according to a coroner's report at the time, fell from a cliff in Little River Canyon National Preserve cliff where she was taking part in an Indian ritual. "The investigation led to the arrest of a juvenile who has now been charged with murder," DeKalb County Sheriff Cecil Reed said ... Laura McCollum Johnson, 54, fell into Little River Canyon Oct. 12, 1997, while taking part in an American Indian "cleansing ceremony." She was at Weaver Overlook National Preserve with her husband and daughter and some friends ... The family had attended a Cherokee Indian pow-wow in Fort Payne earlier in the day."] http://www.ap.org/  Vergano, Dan, "Iowans Assist in Graves Dispute: Sioux City Scientists Catalog Bones at Newly Found Sioux Burial Site," The Des Moines Register, 12 January 2000, 6. ["Washington, D.C. - American Indians seeking to protect a recently uncovered burial site have sued the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and called in Iowa archeologists to build their case. The archeologists not only will catalog the bones littering the dry floor of Lake Francis Case, near Pickstown, S.D., and the Nebraska line, but also will offer insight into the site's history. "We don't take any sides," said Todd Kapler of Cultural Heritage Consultants in Sioux City, Ia. "We've just been hired to collect evidence." Human skulls, bones, pieces of wood, glass and coffin handles emerged after the corps manipulated water levels last month on the lake at Fort Randall Dam. The corps and the Yankton Sioux are fighting over possession of the remains."] http://www.desmoinesregister.com/  Walton, David, "Truth Without Reservations; In 'On the Rez,' Ian Frazier Looks at Life on the Pine Ridge Reservation From a Perspective of Admiration That Produces Sharp Observations," Star Tribune (Minneapolis, MN), 9 January 2000, 14F. ["The plight of the American Indian, like that of the homeless, is so well known that some readers automatically assume a book about Indian life must be dreary, filled with dire statistics and heartrending life histories. "When I describe the subject to non-Indians," Ian Frazier writes at the opening of "On the Rez," "they often reply that it sounds bleak. . . . Oddly, it is a word I have never heard used by Indians themselves." Frazier reports enough sorry life histories and statistics to support a shelf of dreary sociological tracts; but his first-person account of his long friendship with Le War Lance and the Oglala Sioux of the Pine Ridge Reservation of South Dakota is animated, often joyously, by what he calls "the self-possessed sense of freedom" of the "uncaught Indian.""] http://www.startribune.com/  Wandall, Jack, "A Big Hit, a Few Misses in Millenium Coverage," The Times Union (Albany, NY), 10 January 2000, A6. ["Regarding your ''Millennium Edition,'' a hearty doff of the skimmer to staff writer Paul Grondahl for his insightful Y1K observations -- neglected, I suspect, by his more conspicuously Eurocentric-fixated colleagues as being ''prehistoric.'' Though one wishes he had addressed the estimated 1142 ratification date of the Six Nations Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) Confederacy and its subsequent role as a model and incentive for framers of the Constitution during the transformation of 13 colonies into the United States of America, Grondahl's piece otherwise helped to clarify the Earth-centered traditions of Native Americans dating back to at least the end of the Pleistocene era."] http://www.timesunion.com/Saturday.asp  Warbis, Mark, "Overall Student Results Fairly Stable, But Some Groups Struggling," The Associated Press State & Local Wire, 13 January 2000, BC cycle. ["Boise, Idaho -- Idaho students fared about the same as a year earlier overall on 1999 tests of reading, language arts and mathematics, despite their scores being pegged to a higher, updated national standard. But state Schools Superintendent Marilyn Howard said Hispanics, Indians, migrants, students with limited English proficiency and those from poor families scored significantly below the national and state averages ... Howard said in announcing the results Thursday that the statewide initiative launched last year to help ensure all students are reading at grade level by third grade should help address the ethnic-, economic- and gender-based problems."] http://www.ap.org/  Weaver, Linda, "TVA Shouldn't Bother Arrowhead Hunters," Chattanooga Times / Chattanooga Free Press, 12 January 2000, B6. ["I am concerned about the way TVA is enforcing laws about what can andcannot be picked up along the river bank. I have a friend who ... was out walking along the river and when he came back, there was a government pamphlet on his windshield. In the pamphlet were letters on how it is illegal to look for and pick up arrowheads and old Civil War items along the river bank. Now, is this the same government that completely decimated the Indians 130-plus years ago? Or how about 60-plus years ago, when the government (TVA) flooded the valley system and destroyed thousands and thousands of Indian graves and sacred burial grounds? Is this a meager attempt by the government to make it feel better for the wrongs done to the American Indians in the past? ... I do agree we should never under any circumstances dig up or destroy any sacred thing from burial grounds. But that we as Americans can't walk along our own river and pick up an arrowhead or Civil War item that would be unnoticed forever or even eventually be worn away by time is pathetic."] http://18.104.22.168/ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - This feature is compiled weekly by the H-AMINDIAN project housed in the Department of History, Arizona State University, and includes news items appearing in American regional newspapers and newswires. It is not comprehensive, but it is representative of regional media coverage for the previous week. We will not reproduce and redistribute in whole current articles, files, or images from newspapers, magazines, journals and newswires. We believe doing so exceeds academic fair use and violates copyright. Individual media websites may make cited stories available online, but a URL included above does not guarantee a story's availability. Your college, university, or public library may provide access to online databases and services (such as Lexis-Nexis, ProQuest, or Dialog) with full-text versions of these and other stories. A web-based version of this week's regional news and other features are available at http://www.public.asu.edu/~wendel/fyi/