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<email@example.com> Hi Iain, After the abolition of slavery in 1848 in La RÃ©union, a new indentured labor system allowed planters to replace slave labor on the sugar plantations with a cheaper alternative. The French brought 80,000 Indians to La RÃ©union (the British only became "cagey" about it after 1882) and 40,000 Malagasy and Eastern Africans to the Mascarenes until this system finally ended in La RÃ©union in 1936. One of the sources for the "aboriginal" indentured labourers thesis is the print by RÃ©unionnais artist Antoine Roussin "Types Australiens" in his 1882 Album de La RÃ©union http://www.ihoi.org/app/photopro.sk/ihoi_icono/detail?docid=51554&rsid=1629653&pos=4&psort=webdate:D&pitemsperpage=20&ppage=1&pbase=*&target=doclist However I suspect that Roussin was drawing people whose origin was from New Caledonia, rather than Australia, the title "australiens" meaning something other than the British colony. This is supported the archive series 12M at the Archives DÃ©partementales de La RÃ©union which deals with colonial labour immigration. File 43 of the 12M series is titled 'Recrutement calÃ©donienne' and the catalogue specifies "Recrutements des travailleurs, contrats des travail (1902, 1925), demande de renseignements sur la conduite et la moralitÃ© des calÃ©doniens travaillant sur les propriÃ©tÃ©s de l'Ã®le (1854)." This ties with the dates of Roussin's print. I am not sure that RÃ©unionnais historians have worked on this, but Angleviel (2001) does talk about the use of Kanak indentured labourers in New Caledonia, and also refers to the use of labour from the indigenous people of Wallis. Dr Heloise Finch-Boyer Curator of Science & Technology, National Maritime Museum nmm.academia.edu/HeloiseFinchBoyer National Maritime Museum | Royal Observatory Greenwich | The Queen's House direct +44 (0) 208 312 6617 Greenwich, London SE10 9NF  Angleviel, FrÃ©dÃ©ric. 2000. De Lâ€™engagement Comme Â«â€¯Esclavage Volontaireâ€¯Â». Le Cas Des OcÃ©aniens, Kanaks et Asiatiques En Nouvelle-CalÃ©donie (1853-1963). Journal de La SociÃ©tÃ© Des OcÃ©anistes 110(1): 65â€“81. --