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Dept of History, School of Oriental & African Studies/ICS, University of London <Pedro.Machado@sas.ac.uk> A relatively recent example of the successful 'transfer' of documents from the North to the South is provided by Mozambique. Sometime in the late 1980s/early 1990s, the entire collection of the caixas de Mocambique (boxes of miscellaneous documents pertaining to Mozambique from the 16th century to the middle of the 19th century) of the well-known Arquivo Historico Ultramarino (the most important repository of pre-colonial African material in Portugal) was microfilmed and deposited at the Arquivo Historico de Mocambique (the national archive of Mozambique located in downtown Maputo). This is an enormous, and important, collection of documents which complemented the AHM's own collection of material spanning the later 19th and 20th centuries, and thus provides scholars and students from local institutions access to a quite complete run of documentation on the history of Mozambique. Funding for the project was, I believe, provided by a Swedish NGO. Whether there are any further plans to copy collections of documents from other archives in Lisbon and elsewhere in Portugal is unclear. That there is only 1 (maybe 2) microfilm reader at the AHM does present a problem, though this may be rectified in the near future.