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<email@example.com> X-posted from H-SAFRICA Does anyone know of any S. Africa-related or solidarity/anti-apartheid related works or archives in or about Indonesia? (Is Kerry Ward perhaps reading this?) In 2005, Indonesian ex-president Ahmed Sukarno (deposed in a CIA coup in 1966 that led to a million killed by his replacement, Suharto) was posthumously conferred with South Africa's highest honor, for giving "South African liberation movements a great deal of political and material assistance": www.thepresidency.gov.za/orders/042605/part4.pdf Presumably there are Indonesian Foreign Affairs or Presidency records of such. I can't find any further details. This support likely grew out of the 1955 Bandung meeting that led to the Non-Aligned Movement. Sukarno declared, 'Let a new Asia and a new Africa be born', April 18, 1955. Did Suharto's later "pot of gold" given to Mandela in 1990 (which may account for the post-1994 SA state largely ignoring East Timorese struggles for national liberation) represent some kind of continuity with earlier policies of 'Bung' Karno? There have been some works revisiting Bandung, and Deborah James & Albert Schrauwers wrote on 'An apartheid of souls: Dutch and Afrikaner colonialism and its aftermath in Indonesia and South Africa" in Itinerario, XXVII 2003, but my interest is in anti-apartheid. Obviously any civil action must have been very rigid and hierarchical under Suharto's New Order. There are a few books in English or Bahasa touching on foreign/economic policy but they deal with post-apartheid. The Indonesian Embassy in Pretoria says: "Indonesia and South Africa shares similar history of oppression and subjugation under colonial powers. Indonesia was colonized for more than 300 years and went through many ordeals in achieving its independence. Therefore, Indonesians could empathize and relate easily with the struggle for liberation by the oppressed South Africans against the apartheid regime. We assisted their struggle within our capacity as a developing nation and we always voice our support in various international fora and organizations that Indonesia joined in. It might be of interest to note that during the apartheid era, passport of every Indonesian civil servant was stamped with a note: not allow to enter South Africa." http://www.indonesia-pretoria.org.za/index_files/Page906.htm I last studied Indonesian history at university in 1972, so it's been a long time.